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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Mohamed A. Bedewi* and Sanaa M. Kamal


Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most important precursors of chronic liver disease all over the world. The current study assessed the ability of several panels to influence prognosis and diagnosis for non-invasive serum markers and Duplex Doppler ultrasound in monitoring NAFLD and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).Our study enrolled patients at different stages of NAFLD and NASH. NAFLD liver fat score (NAFLD-LFS)”, “Fatty Liver Index (FLI)” “Hepatic Steatosis Index (HSI), the risk score ox NASH, NASHT est, Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-a), tumor growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta) caspase-generated CK18 fragment levels (CK-18), and YKL-40 (YKL-40) were measured in patients and control subjects. Doppler indices were estimated for the following arteries were assessed: hepatic artery, superior mesenteric artery, and the splenic artery. Results: TNF alpha, CK-18, TGF-b and YKL-40 showed statistically significant higher results in patients with NAFLD compared to control subjects. CK-18, TGF-b and YKL-40 were highest among NASH patients with liver fibrosis. TGF-beta, CK-18, and YKL-40 had the highest sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV in predicting of liver disease. Adirect correlation was observed between each of TGF-beta, CK-18, and YKL-40 with the NAFLD fibrosis score (r = 0.87, r = 0.63, r=0.69 respectively). Significantly higher SMA RI, HA PSV and SA RI values was noted in NAFLD patients compared to control group ((P>0.001). No significant statistical difference was found between the mean PV velocity in NAFLD patients and the control group. Conclusion, TGF-beta, TNF-alpha and cytokeratin-8 can be reliable non-invasive markers for detection of NAFLD and monitoring of NASH. NAFLD correlated positively with the following parameters, liver span, portal vein diameter, SA RI and SMA RI, PSV of the HA, SMA, and SA.

Keywords: non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, ultrasound, Doppler.

[Full Text Article]



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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database