( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Luna El Bizri* and Ahmad Dimassi


Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to investigate and to analyze the role of the pharmacists in different aspects of community pharmacy practice including counseling, dispensing and prescribing of medications. Additional purposes included pharmacists‟ perception of themselves in the healthcare system, and their evaluation of offered services at their pharmacies in terms of types and importance. Study Design: A cross sectional study was conducted in all districts of Lebanon between June and September 2016. Settings and Participants: Questionnaires were distributed to pharmacy students during their summer training of year 2016 in community pharmacies across all regions of Lebanon. The study population consisted randomly of community pharmacists, or assistant pharmacists, or technicians within these pharmacies. Questionnaires were filled by the owners or employees working at community pharmacies. The questionnaire was divided into three major sections with whether openended or close-ended questions. These sections included pharmacists‟ understanding of their role as professional counselors and prescribers, pharmacists‟ understanding of pharmaceutical care, frequency of these services, pharmacists‟ understanding of their role as prescription dispensers, and finally the major obstacles and concerns at their pharmacies. Results: A total of 207 participants were included in this study. Our results showed that 26.6% of the pharmacists perceived themselves as medicine experts and only 18.4 % as patient counselors. Moreover, 95.7% of pharmacists gave advice about smoking cessation while only 0.3% of them prescribed nicotine replacement therapy. It was noted that 97.6 and 93.2% gave advice about healthy eating and physical activity respectively, however, only 1% prescribed weight loss products. Different unpaid services were offered at the pharmacies such as measurement of blood pressure, blood glucose, lab values interpretation, weight measurement, and wound care procedures. The major constraint in offering services was large workload (63.3%). As prescription dispensers, 67.1% of the pharmacists kept personal non- shared medical record for their chronic patients. Furthermore, 58% of the participants found that prescription illegible handwriting was the major cause of dispensing errors, for that 54.6% called the prescriber immediately for clarification. In general, 56% of the pharmacists found that lack or no information about co-prescribed medications was the major cause of medication errors. Additionally, 84.5% of pharmacists explained to their patients about expected side effects but only 61.4% of them have explained about the most common side effects. Conclusion: When community pharmacists fully understand their role in the healthcare system particularly as patient counselors and when inter-professional coordination between the different components of this system is achieved, a better patient care is attained.

Keywords: Community pharmacy, pharmacy services, Lebanon, counseling, prescription error, medication error.

[Full Text Article]




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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database