EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

STUDY TO SEE THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT VOLUMES OF EPIDURAL SALINE INJECTION DURING SPINAL ANESTHESIA

Bharat Bhusan Yadav*, Anjana Agrawal, Dheeraj Kumar Singh, Sachin Tutu, Preet Lakhani, Amod Sachan, R. K. Dixit

ABSTRACT

Title:- Study to see the effects of different volumes of epidural saline injection during spinal anesthesia. Aims and Objectives:- To observe the effects of different volumes of epidural saline injection after spinal anesthesia using combined spinal – epidural techniques. Material and Methods:- Patients of ASA grade I and grade II, admitted to Gandhi Memorial and Associate Hospitals Lucknow scheduled for different surgical procedures of lower abdomen and below were included in study. After taking proper informed consent patients were enrolled for the study. Epidural catheter insertion was performed at L3-L4 or L4-L5 levels. In subarachnoid space 2ml of 5% lidocaine is injected after twenty minutes epidural saline in different quantity 10ml, 15ml, and 20ml were given in different groups of patients. Level of analgesia was evaluated b pinprick method. Data were analyzed by applying student „t‟ test and P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results and conclusions:- The level of sensory blockade at different time intervals after spinal anesthesia were not statistically significant different in all the groups and the maximum level of sensory blockade after spinal anesthesia can be achieved approximately within 5 minutes.

Keywords: Epidural saline injection, spinal anesthesia, lidocaine.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )