EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

MODIFIABLE CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS IN RURAL AND URBAN POPULATIONS OF SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA

Esien David-Oku*, Alphonsus Ekpe Udoh, Item Justin Atangwho, Ofem Effiong Ofem and Joseph Joseph Andy

ABSTRACT

Aim: The extent of predisposition to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in the South-South, Nigeria, was assessed by a cross-sectional survey of two rural (Ikot Ekpene and Okorette) and one urban (Uyo) locations in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Method: Five communities from each of the three locations were randomly selected; all the houses therein enumerated. The members of each household aged ≥15 years (except members with diabetes mellitus and sickle cell anaemia) were included in the study. Questionnaires designed to obtain information on age, sex, cigarette and alcohol consumption, and socioeconomic status were administered. Body weight and height (for calculation of BMI), and blood pressure measurements were taken. Overweight and obesity were defined as BMI ≥ 25.00 Kg/m2 and BMI ≥ 30.00 Kg/m2, respectively; subjects with systolic/ diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) ≥ 140/90mmHg were considered hypertensive. The total number of respondents studied in each location were Ikot Ekpene (N=1313; male 609; female 704); Okorette (N=511; male, 139; female, 372); and Uyo (N= 480; male, 280; female, 200). Results: The level of hypertension in Uyo (10.6%) was significantly higher (p<0.05) than Ikot Ekpene (9.9%) and Okorette (6.3%). The trend in obesity prevalence was in tandem with hypertension thus: Uyo (26.5%), Ikot Ekpene (11.1%) and Okorette (8.4%), (p<0.05). Current cigarette smokers (%) were 15.7, 5.8, and 4.5, for Okorette, Uyo and Ikot Ekpene, respectively. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that the urban dwellers are more at risk of CVDs than the rural populations with overweight/obesity contributing more to this than cigarette smoking.

Keywords: Cardiovascular disease, Body mass index, Hypertension, Obesity, Cigarette smoking.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )