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 ISSN 2394-3211

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Arthur Bien Aimé Ratsimbazafy, Andry Maharo Andrianarivelo*, Todisoa Andriatahiana, Stéphan Hery, Norotiana Rabesandratana


Tuberculosis is an infectious bacterial disease caused by a germ called Mycobacterium tuberculosis or “Kock Bacillus (KB)”.[1] Tuberculosis is one of the illnesses caused by a unique deadliest infectious agent in the world. A goal of this work was to describe the epidemiology of pulmonary tuberculosis (PT) and non-pulmonary tuberculosis (NPT) in children. It is a descriptive and retrospective study concerning the cases of tuberculosis observed in 3 Center of Diagnosis and Treatment of the town of Toamasina Madagascar. The study has been done in a period of 24 months from January 2014 to December 2015. All the children from 0 to 15 years old having been objected of request of tuberculosis research were included. We have compiled 153 cases of tuberculosis that 14 cases of pulmonary and non-pulmonary tuberculosis associated. We have recovered 101 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis (66.01%) in which 41 children pulmonary tuberculosis on positive microscopy, 46 children pulmonary tuberculosis on negative microscopy, 5 cases of pleura localization and 9 cases of miliary. The average year of tuberculosis children were 6.81. Sixty six cases of non-pulmonary tuberculosis (33.99%) have been diagnosed. Among the NPT, ganglionnary tuberculosis was the most common in 27 cases (40.91%). The AFB sputum represents the most common means of diagnosis in 41 cases (26.80%). Most of the children (115) struck by tuberculosis were malnourished (75.16%) with p<0.05. The tuberculosis profile in infant in Toamasina is not in much important way different from the data of the literature except in the level of type that we noted a female predominance. Infant tuberculosis is still of actuality, reaching all ages especially in developing country. Malnutrition is obvious in here which is a social problem to which global and radical solution must be imposed.

Keywords: Tuberculosis - Children - Epidemiology – Toamasina.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia