A STUDY OF PREVALENCE OF RISK FACTORS OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE-2
Akmal M*, Zulkifle M, Ansari AH, Sajid M
Background: Diabetes Mellitus Type-2 is a metabolic disorder of menacing consequences. Its prevalence is rising day by day in almost all countries, more so in developed one. Inactive lifestyle, stress in everyday life and eating manners all are considered risk factors for the
DM-2. Objectives: The main objective of the study is to assess the prevalence of the risk factors like Inactive lifestyle, stress, eating habits in the diagnosed cases of the DM-2 in the patients attending the NIUM, Bangalore Hospital. Materials and Methods: In present study 166 diagnosed patients of DM-2 were interviewed for the risk factors. In this context eating behaviour related risk factors, family history of DM-2 and lifestyle related risk factors like obesity was found out. Results: In the study it was observed that 90.37% patients were taking non-veg /mixed type of diet, mostly (83.74%) patients were on tea/coffee, near about half (47.6%) patients were with positive family history of DM-2, 14% patients were with positive family history of obesity, more than half (59.63%) patients not doing any type of exercise. Conclusion: The trend of the results indicates that the risk factors like obesity, previous family history of DM-2 and sedentary life had the association with the disease. More studies with large sample size needs to be conducted to further explore the association with the disease.
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus Type-2; Prevalence; Incidence; Risk Factors; Obesity; Exercise; Family History.
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