EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

COMPARISON OF EMOTIONAL DISTRESS IN RENAL DISEASE PATIENTS UNDERGOING HEMODIALYSIS AND KIDNEY TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS IN CYPRUS

Konstantinos Argyropoulos, Panagiota Faidonos, Antri Aresti and Eleni Jelastopulu*

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to estimate differences referring in the presence of anxiety and depression in two groups of renal disease patients and to investigate associations with sociodemographic variables. Method: A sample of 230 patients were recruited, consisting of 130 patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and 100 patients with successful kidney transplantation (KT). The instrument used to assess the anxiety and depression levels was the in Greek translated and validated Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Results: Patients with HD scored overall higher on the HADS compared to patients with KT (13.52 vs 10.30). No statistically significant differences were found in the mean value of anxiety (t=1.16, p=0.249) between both groups. Regarding depression and the overall score, we observed statistically significant differences in the mean values for depression (t=3.86, p <0.001) and for the overall HADS score (t=3.12, p=0.002) between the patients undergoing hemodialysis compared to patients with KT. In KT recipients older ages, lower educational level, being divorced or widowed and being retired scored significantly higher, whereas in HT patients only educational level and marital status play a significant role. Conclusions: In the present study, the overall HADS score as well as the single component scores of anxiety and depression were higher in patients with HD, indicating thus the higher psychological discomfort in these patients.

Keywords: Hemodialysis, kidney transplantation, anxiety, depression.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia