EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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Abstract

DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS: FREQUENCY AND CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS ADMITTED AT AL-THAWRA HOSPITAL, ALBAIDA- LIBYA (2016-2017)

*Dr. Najwa H. Abduljawad and Dr Abdalla Saad Abdalla Al-Zawi

ABSTRACT

DKA is the a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children with diabetes mellitus, it characterized by a biochemical triad of hyperglycaemia, ketonaemia (ketonuria) and academia. In this study, we aimed to determine the frequency of DKA in newly discovered diabetes, and in established cases, and to describe the clinical characteristics of DKA among these patients. 95 children & adolescents admitted to PICU, Al-Thawra Hospital in Albaida-Libya with DKA between [January 2016 and December 2017] were reviewed. 42 patients (44%) were newly discovered diabetes, and 53 patients (56%) were well established diabetes. Male to female ratio was (1 : 2.8). The common leading precipitating factors for DKA in our study were psycho-social causes and infection which observed in 49%, and 31% respectively. While the common presenting symptoms of DKA noticed in the study were: abdominal pain and vomiting in (98%) and (87%) respectively. DKA is an important cause of PICU admissions to Al-Thawra Hospital in Albaida-Libya, more effort should be put to prevent and reduce the incidence of DKA at initial presentation and later.

Keywords: Diabetic ketoacidosis; children and adolescents, Diabetes Mellitus.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia