( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Sara Abdeljalil Zeenelabdeen*, Samah Awad AbduRahim and Naser Eldin Bilal Mohammed 


Background: The aim of the present study is to determine the antimicrobial activity of cinnamon bark essential oil (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) against urinary tract infection (UTI) associated pathogens. Methodology: The antimicrobial activity of cinnamon essential oil was screened using disc diffusion method against four standard control bacteria, one Gram positive bacterium (Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212), three Gram negative control bacteria (Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 13883 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853) and 37 clinical isolates from previousely mentioned bacterial species along with Proteus mirabilis . The antifungal activity was investigated against one standard control fungus (Candida albicans ATCC 7596 and 7 clinical isolates). The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined by tube dilution method using concentrations ranging from 0.625% to 0.019% for bacteria, and from 1% to 0.015% for Candida albicans, and then MBCs were calculated for bacterial pathogens by subsequent sub-culturing of MICs on Mueller Hinton agar. Results: Cinnamon bark essential oil exhibited promising inhibitory activity against all pathogens tested. MICs ranged from 0.125% to 0.312%, MBC for Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae was 0.312%, and 0.156% for Pseudomonas aeruginosa. All (100%) clinical bacterial isolates were susceptible to cinnamon essential oil, which exhibited antibacterial potential better than that demonstrated by ciprofloxacin and vancomycin which were used as reference antibacterial drugs in except for Proteus mirabilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa which showed lower activity to Cinnamon essential oil. Conclusion: Cinnamon bark essential oil showed pronounced antimicrobial activity against all the microorganisms tested. Therefore, it can be a good antibacterial and antifungal agent since it is not toxic at the MICs used.

Keywords: Antimicrobial activity, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Urinary Tract Infections.

[Full Text Article]



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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database