EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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Abstract

FACTORS AND FREQUENCIES OF AMPUTATIONS IN DIABETIC FOOT PATIENTS JINNAH HOSPITAL

Rana Faseeh Ur Rehman, Muhammad Waleed Akram* and Rabail Riaz

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes complications include nerve damage and poor blood circulation. These problems make the feet vulnerable to skin sores (ulcers) that can worsen quickly and are difficult to treat. The frequency of minor and major amputation increases with the higher grades of diabetic foot. Poor glycemic control is a significant risk factor for amputation in diabetic foot patients. Objective: Objective of this study was to access the various factors and there frequencies which lead to amputations in diabetic foot patients. Methodology: Study Design selected was Cross-sectional. Study was conducted at Diabetic Clinic, Medical, Surgical and Orthopedic Wards Allama Iqbal Medical College, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore from April 2015 to June 2015. Inclusion criteria: It included diagnosed cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes that had developed foot ulcers and undergone amputations. Data Collection and analysis: The patient agreed to participate were asked to sign informed consent. A self-designed performa consisting of closed and open ended questions was provided to each patient. Performa contained demographic related item such as age, gender, ethnicity, address, religion, and economical history of mother and father. Patients were guided how to fill the performa and were assured that their response would be treated with utmost confidentiality. Data was entered and analyzed in SPSS Version: 17.0. Results: Total of 70 patients were taken as subjects for the study. Mean age of the subjects was 50.16 years with standard deviation of 6.28 years. 62.86% were males and 37.14% were females. 34.29% were diagnosed of Type 1 and 65.71% as Type 2 DM. 77.14% had DM for 1-15 years and 22.86% had DM for 16-35 years. Conclusions: This study has identified that most common and significant predictors were gender, type of DM, duration and onset, PVDs and DFUs.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Amputation, lower extremity amputations.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia