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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



*Benwoke Ihunwo IW


The dependence of morphometric values of human parts is very vital in the construction, replacement and treatment of affected parts, be it bone or soft tissues. The purpose of this study was to scientifically analyze the clavicular angles and to further evaluate its applications in event of fractures, dislocations or diseases. Clavicular angles were evaluated using a total of 40 clavicle (25 males and 15 females), extracted from adult human bodies, which were all macerated and dried. These clavicles were sourced from the Anatomy Department of various Universities in South-South and South-Eastern region of Nigeria. Degraded, deformed fractured clavicles with associated tumors were excluded. The clavicular angles (medial, lateral and total angle) were Measure with pencil, protractor, paper and metric rule, the angles were measured in degrees. The data were analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (IBM(R) version 23 SPSS, Inc, Chicago, IL). Confidence interval was set at 95% and p- ≤ 0.005 was considered significant. The result showed that the (medial angle) for male right clavicle was 150.52±6.92and left was 148.72 ±6.96 while that of female right clavicle was 134.13±7.84and 134.67±6.89. The lateral angle for male right clavicle was 145.92±5.74and left was 148.16±5.47, while that of female right clavicle was 136.53±7.85 and that of left clavicle was 138.80±7.80. The total angle for male right clavicle was 296.44±11.98 and that of left was 296.88±11.31, while the total angle for female right clavicle was 270.67±15. And of left was 273.47 ±14.64. The clavicular angle (medial, lateral and total angle) showed statistical difference with varying correlating values for males and females (p <0.001). This study has provided morphometric data base of the clavicular angles of the Nigerian population which could be a useful guide to orthopedic- implant manufacturer and orthopedic surgeons in determining the correct size and shape of plates and intramedullary nails in treatment of clavicular fracture.

Keywords: Clavicle, morphometric, medial angle lateral angle total angle, statistical difference.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database