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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Dalia Ibrahim MD*, Nadia Abozied MD, Samy Makary MD and Hamsa Rashwan


Background and aim: Female causes account for 30% of the total infertility cases of these causes 5% are due to uterine factors .very thin endometrium (< 7mm) seems to be accepted as a reliable sign of suboptimal implantation potential. Sildenafil enhances the effect of NO by inhibiting phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) which is responsible for degradation of cGMP. Sildenafil is a selective inhibitor of the type V cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase. With the use of sildenafil, cGMP levels remain elevated, which leads to vascular relaxation and increased blood flow to improved the endometrial thickness. Objective: This case control study was designed to compare the use of estrogen alone or in combined with Sildenafil on the endometrial thickness and pattern in infertile women. Methods: 30 patients had primary or secondary infertility were attending to the outpatient infertility clinic. All patients undergo ovulation induction by clomiphene citrate and gonadotropins. And evaluated by TVS at day 8th, bad endometerium (thickness <6 mm) in 30 patients. Devided into 3 groups: G1: 10 patients of them did not receive any treatment to improve endometrial thickness. G2: 10 patients of them received Estradiol valerate 2mg 2 tab orally daily from day 8th of the cycle till ovulation, And G3: 10 patients of them received Estradiol valerate 2mg 2 tab orally daily and sildenafil citrate 25mg vaginally every 6 hours from day 8th of the cycle till ovulation. And those patients were reevaluated by TVS at day 13th of cycle for endometrial thickness and pattern with number and size of Graffian follicle. Results: In this study we found that a total of 30 infertile had a mean of endometrial thickness of 5.1±1.1 mm at 8th day of cycle. There was statistically significant increase in the endometrial thickness from day 8th to day 13th in G3 as compared to that of the patients in control group G1 and as compared to G2, the difference is highly significant. Conclusion: Sildenafil citrate with Estradiol valerate increase the endometrial thickness significantly as compared to control group or Estradiol valerate alone.

Keywords: Sildenafil citrate, infertile female, endometrial thickness, Estradiol valerate.

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  • New Issue Published

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia