GOLD MAKES BOLD TO HOLD THE THIO GROUP IN AUROTHERAPY
Viral Prajapati, Pankil Pathak, Kamil Mansuri, Amit Thakor, Vraj Patel and *Prof. Dr. Dhrubo Jyoti Sen
The mechanisms of action of gold salts are still poorly understood. While auranofin has a direct antiâ€’inflammatory action in animal models, Sodium aurothiomalate has not. Both gold compounds inhibit various enzymes. Among these, lysosomal enzymes are of particular interest. Gold is known to accumulate in the lysosomes and gold salts modulate certain macrophage functions in the immune system. The role of organic gold salt ligands containing, like Dâ€’penicillamine, a thiol group is still unclear. Positive data characterizing responders versus nonâ€’responders are not yet available. As in other clinically heterogeneous diseases, medical action has mainly been based on clinical empiricism which, although resting on false premises, has helped to find a comparatively efficacious treatment. In fact, the proposals for further studies to shed light on the mode of action presented here may equally be ill conceived. However, these studies would at least expand our understanding of rheumatoid arthritis and thus be beneficial in the long run.
Keywords: Chrysotherapy, Auranofin, Aurothioglucose, Disodium aurothiomalate, Sodium aurothiomalate, Disodium aurothiosulfate.
[Full Text Article]