EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

OSTEOPOROTIC FRACTURES: PROFILE OF PATIENTS IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Dr. Salim Kamal*

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Osteoporosis is a common worldwide disease which is characterized by reduction of bone mass and alteration of bone architecture and results in in increased bone fragility and increased risk of fracture. Because of aging of the population the prevalence of osteoporosis is expected to increase significantly in the future. Postmenopausal women and elderly men are most commonly affected by the osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is defined as “a skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength leading to an increased risk of fracture.” According to the National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Panel. Osteoporosis is subdivided into primary osteoporosis and secondary osteoporosis. Primary osteoporosis includes postmenopausal osteoporosis (type I) and senile osteoporosis (type II), and secondary osteoporosis, definable etiologic diseases such as malabsorption, medications such as glucocorticoids, hyperparathyroidism. The objective of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological profile of the population affected by osteoporotic fractures which includes proximal femur and proximal humerus fracture, distal radius, and the thoraco-lumbar spine fracture. Material And Methods: Study group (osteoporotic fractures,: Patients above 45 years of age presenting any one or a combination of the following fractures: proximal femur, proximal humerus, distal radius, and thoraco-lumbar spine, with a mechanism of low-energy trauma. Patients with high-energy fractures were not included. Data on demographic profile, fracture type, habits, personal history, previous fractures, level of physical activity, use of medications and behavioral measures to treat osteoporosis, and functional assessment was collected. Results: In our study it was found that there was female preponderance in both the groups in control group there were 18 males and 32 females while in osteoporotic fracture group there were 13 male and 37 females. Mean age in control group was 64.7 ±10.6 while in osteoporotic fracture group was 74.18 ±9.6. Weight in osteoporotic fracture group was higher (69 ± 15.4) than control group (63.9 ± 12.5). In control group 1(2%) was observed associated with Rheumatoid arthritis while in osteoporotic fracture group 3(6%) patients were observed. Most of the fracture were due to slip or fall. Out of 50 fractures included in the study 21(42%) were fracture of the proximal femur, 11(22%) were Proximal humerus, 16(32%) Distal radius and 2(4%) were Thoraco-lumbar spine fracture. Conclusion: Osteoporosis leads to an increased risk of fracture. Patients with osteoporotic fractures were older, a greater number were women, weighed less, had lower BMI.

Keywords: Osteoporosis, proximal femur, proximal humerus, distal radius.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )