MANAGEMENT OF GRAVE’S DISEASE WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO BHASMAKA ROGA- A CASE REPORT
Rao Veena G., P. Seethadevi and H. S. Vatsala*
Bhasmaka roga is excessively increased status of Jataragni inturn Dhatwagni due to excessively aggravated Pitta which is associated with increased Vata and decreased Kapha. Hyperthyroidism is a metabolic disorder characterised by excessively circulating free thyroid hormone in the blood. i.e. Increased or normal T3, T4 levels with decreased TSH levels. Bhasmaka roga can be correlated to Grave’s disease. Hyperthyroidism is not so common with an incidence of 0.4 per 1000 women and 0.1 per 1000 men with ratio 10:1 respectively. The Main function of thyroid gland is to maintain proper metabolism, growth, basal temperature and sinus rhythm which can be attributed to the functions of Prakruta Vata and Pitta. Vagbhata’s explanation on this correlates with increased BMR causing weight loss which is prime factor in both Bhasmaka roga and Hyperthyroidism. In this condition, the treatment should be aimed towards Kapha Vruddhi Kara, Vata and Pitta Shamana, which helps in bringing back the increased Jataragni and Dhatvagni to normalcy. This was a single case report on a patient of primary hyperthyroidism (Grave’s disease), who was administered with Vidaryadi Ghrita and Drakshadi Kashaya as Shamana Oushadi for a period of 2 year. The objective and subjective parameters where assessed before and after treatment. The results were encouraging with significant improvement. Hence this treatment can be effectively adopted in patients of hyperthyroidism i.e. Bhasmaka roga.
Keywords: Hyperthyroidism, Grave’s disease, Bhasmaka roga, Atyagni, Agni, Thyroid, Methimazole.
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