TREATMENT OF POSTMENOPAUSAL OSTEOPOROSIS
Dr. Rashmi Singla*
Osteoporosis occurs when bones lose their strength and density. Bones become fragile, weak and brittle and can cause fracture easily. Osteoporosis affects women after menopause and in their later years. The drop in estrogen after menopause is associated with increased loss of bone density for few years. Osteoporosis prevalent among older postmenopausal women increases the risk of fractures. Hip and spine fractures are associated with high morbidity and mortality among this population. Bone loss can be detected by measuring bone mineral density by densitometry. The primary goal of treatment of osteoporosis is to prevent a fracture which is accomplished by slowing /stopping bone loss, maintaining bone strength and minimizing that may contribute to fractures. This is achieved by change in lifestyle and diet and by pharmacological therapy.
[Full Text Article]