EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

NEW ARBS IN THE TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION: AN OVERVIEW

Nithin Manohar R.*, Babitha M., Soumya R. V., Jisha Vijayan, Sruthy S. A. and Neethu J.

ABSTRACT

Azilsartan medoxomil (Edarbi®; Ipreziv™) is an orally administered angiotensin II receptor type 1 antagonist (blocker) used in the treatment of adults with essential hypertension. This article reviews data on the clinical efficacy and tolerability of azilsartan medoxomil in adults with essential hypertension and provides a summary of its pharmacological properties. Azilsartan medoxomil is a prodrug that undergoes rapid hydrolysis in the gastrointestinal tract after oral administration to the bioactive moiety azilsartan, before systemic absorption. Azilsartan medoxomil produces antihypertensive effects by selectively blocking the binding of angiotensin II to the angiotensin type 1 (AT(1)) receptor, thereby antagonizing the pressor response activity of angiotensin II. In vitro, azilsartan produced greater and more sustained AT(1) receptor binding/blockade activity than several comparator angiotensin II receptor antagonists. Azilsartan medoxomil reduces blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive adults. In addition, the drug has been shown to have pleiotropic effects (i.e. effects beyond AT(1) receptor blockade). In adults with essential hypertension, azilsartan medoxomil 20, 40 or 80 mg effectively reduced BP over a 24-hour period with once-daily administration in three major, randomized, controlled trials in which the primary endpoints were changes from baseline in 24-hour mean systolic BP (SBP) at week 6 (two trials) or week 24, assessed by ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). In the two 6-week trials, azilsartan medoxomil showed dose-dependent efficacy over all evaluated dosages and was more effective than placebo in lowering SBP. At the maximum approved dosage of 80 mg once daily, azilsartan medoxomil was significantly more effective than maximum dosages of olmesartan medoxomil (40 mg once daily) or valsartan (320 mg once daily), based on primary endpoint assessments. Mean reductions in clinic measurements of SBP and diastolic BP (DBP) measurements were also generally greater with azilsartan medoxomil 80 mg once daily than with the comparator drugs in these 6-week studies. Over a longer treatment period of 24 weeks, azilsartan medoxomil showed sustained BP-lowering efficacy, with the reduction in 24-hour mean SBP at week 24 significantly greater with azilsartan medoxomil 40 or 80 mg once daily than with valsartan 320 mg once daily. Mean reductions from baseline in mean clinic SBP and DBP as well as DBP by ABPM were also significantly greater with azilsartan medoxomil 40 or 80 mg once daily than with valsartan. Azilsartan medoxomil was generally well tolerated, with a tolerability profile similar to that of placebo in the 6-week trials. Across the three major trials, headache and dizziness were among the most common adverse events. Overall, rates of treatment discontinuation as a result of adverse events were low in the 6-week and 24-week trials. In conclusion, once-daily azilsartan medoxomil effectively lowers BP in adults with essential hypertension and has shown better antihypertensive efficacy than maximum therapeutic dosages of olmesartan medoxomil or valsartan in major trials of up to 24 weeks' duration. Azilsartan medoxomil is generally well tolerated and the low rates of discontinuation due to adverse events suggest that patients are likely to persist with long-term treatment. Azilsartan medoxomil is therefore a useful and attractive new option for lowering BP in patients with essential hypertension, particularly for those not able to tolerate other antihypertensive drugs. Further studies are required to evaluate the effects of azilsartan medoxomil on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: Azilsartan medoxomil azilsartan medoxomil on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.


[Full Text Article]

INDEXING

NEWS & UPDATION

  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 November 2021 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on http://www.ejpmr.com/home/current_issues

  • EJPMR: NOVEMBER ISSUE PUBLISHED

    NOVEMBER Issue has been successfully launched on 1 November 2021.

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.

    .

  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )