EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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Abstract

FRUITS OF SOLANUM ACULEATISSIMUM JACQ.A NUTRACEUTICAL ENRICHED INVASIVEWEED?

Meenu Krishnan V G and Murugan K*

ABSTRACT

Solanum, the hyper and diverse genus belongs to Solanaceae. It is represented in Kerala by about 33 species including those domesticated for their leaves, fruit vegetables or used as traditional medicine. Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq. commonly known as African night shade is used by the local people as fruit vegetable. Fresh healthy fruits of S. aculeatissimum were collected from the Western Ghats of Munnar hills, Kerala. Nutraceuticals properties of fruits were investigated and the results obtained were compared with other proven edible fruit plants. The major vitamins present in the fruits are thiamine (3.5 µg/g), riboflavin (1.8 µg/g), niacin (36.2 µg/g). Ascorbic acid level was (1.7 mg/g), pro-vitamin (166.2 µg/g). The essential minerals in the fruits were Fe (3.8), Ca (73) and Zn (14) in mg/100g (DW). Total protein and sugar levels were 4.11 ± 0.98 and 3.6 ± 1.3 mg/g tissue respectively. Further, the essential amino acid such as phenyl alanine and isoleucine were 33.63 and 40.22 µg/ g tissue. Anti nutritional factors in the fruits are phytic acid, and alkaloids. Trypsin and chymotrypsin protease inhibitors are present in substantial level, Total phenol was remarkably high i.e., 27.4 mg/g tissue, while flavonoid and tannin levels were 1.66 mg/g and 4.54 µg/ g tissue. The presence of these phytochemicals suggests that S. aculeatissimum may be potential source of many biological properties such as analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-hypertensive and antimicrobial. Despite the nutraceuticals, this species is still treated as invasive weed. Moreover, eco-friendly utilization of this species is already attempted in certain countries. The pharmaceutical and biotechnological companies should utilize this exotic fast growing Solanum with great commitments and need to address this bioresource.

Keywords: Nutraceuticals, Phenolic acids, Minerals, S. aculeatissimum, Protease Inhibitor.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia