PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVE DRUGS IN HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
Pranay Kumar*, Md. Niyaz Alam, Md. Quaisul Hoda and Rahul Kaushik
Objectives: To Evaluate the Prescribing Pattern of antihypertensive drugs in hypertensive patients in tertiary Care Hospital. Setting : It was a prospective drug utilization study. About 70 patients using antihypertensive drugs were included. Patients were interviewed after obtaining informed consent. Method : It was a duly approved, prospective study, in patients on antihypertensive therapy, conducted by competent professionals. The data was obtained from physiciansâ€™ prescribing records and patients by individual interviews using the structured proformas as per World Health Organisation guidelines. Key findings: 70 patients, suffering from hypertension were evaluated. Among 70 hypertensive patients by regularly visiting the hospital 21(30%) were males and 49(70%) were females indicating that hypertension is slightly more prevalent in females in comparison to males. The maximum number of hypertensive patients fell under the age group of 51-60, followed by the age group of 61-70, 41-50, and 31-40 years. It was observed that 43.4% of the patients were non-vegetarian and 56.6% of the patients were vegetarians, 64.2% were non-alcoholic and 35.5% were alcoholic. Our study finds that amlodipine (calcium channel blocker) (30.6%) and Atenolol (beta blocker) (24.0%) were the most frequently prescribed drugs followed by angiotensin II receptor antagonist, diuretics & ACE inhibitors. Conclusion: The prospective study demonstrated that the incidence Hypertension were more prevalence in female. Beta Blockers were most frequently prescribed drug in addition to Calcium Channel Blockers.
Keywords: Prospective, Hypertension, Prevalence, Therapy.
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