ROLE OF AGNI IN NCD W.S.R. TO HYPERTENTION
Dr. Himandri Yadu*, Dr. R. Chandrakar, Dr. Smt. G. Ratre and Dr. Deepak Sahu
In Ayurveda Agni is described as a sign of life of our body. There are 13 types of Agni, Jathragni, Dhatvagni, and Bhootagni, among which the Jathragni is major, doing enzymatic action. Dhatvagni works at molecular level and Bhootagni works at cellular level. As agni is used in the sense of digestion of food and metabolic end products, but when the agni of person is vitiated, the whole metabolism get disturbed and this disturbance causes NCD (Non- communicabledisease). NCD means non-infectious disease which cannot be transmitted from one person to another such as CVS, Chronic respiratory disease diabetes mellitus, cancer. Nearly 80% of death occur due to NCD in developing country People of all age groups are vulnerable to risk factor contributing to NCDs whether it is from unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, exposure to tobacco, smoke or harmful use of alcohol. As per Ayurveda this shows not following of Dincharya, Ratricharya, Reetucharya, which indicates vitiation of agni and causing metabolic disturbances, hampering metabolic function causing raised blood pressure i.e. Hypertension. Importance of Agni in NCD mainly in Hypertension can be understood as not taking proper diet and not doing physical activity as per Dincharaya, Ratricharya, Ritucharya causing MANDAGNI and we know that the root cause all disease is MANDAGNI which cause metabolic disturbances and cause NCD which include Hypertension. When Jatharagni gets mand the enzymatic action gets hamper and disturbs Renin-Angiotensin converting enzyme mechanism resulting Hypertension. Jatharagni also affects the Dhatvagni and this Dhatvagni mandata affects the Mansadhatugat agni not allowing it to function properly, the Maans dhatu gets harder causing hardening in blood vessel, causing arteriosclerosis which is the main cause of Hypertention.
Keywords: NCD, Agni, Hypertension.
[Full Text Article]