EXPLORATORY STUDY ABOUT THE ROLE OF KNOWN RISK FACTORS OF RENAL FAILURE AMONG SAUDI POPULATION.
Muhammad Eyad Hisham Alraie*, Mohammad Nasfat Fares, Abdullah Alwarafi, Abdullah abdulrahman almannaa, Abdulrahman Hassan Jaafari, Faisal Abdullah Alomani, Faisal Mubarak Alzahrani, Faris Alzaid, Hamad Alabdulrazzaq, Rayan Abdulrahman Aljawan, Omar Khaled Alshehri, Ammar Fathi
Backgrounds: There have been a marked rise in the prevalence and incidence of renal failure in Saudi Arabia over the last 3 decades. This rise exceeds those reported from many countries. Renal failure patient stay about 15 hours weekly on dialysis machines and Saudi government spend a lot of money on this disease. Objectives: This study aim to assess the role of different risk factors associated with renal failure in Saudi Arabia. Methodology: Our study is Hospital-based cross sectional study. The sample size was 160 patients collected from Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, excluding nationality other than Saudi. We used simple random technique in this study. In this study we used self-administered questionnaire and collect the data by asking the patients. The data were analyzed using SPSS and Microsoft Excel was used to generate figures and charts. Consent was obtained before data collection emphasizing each participant right to withdraw from the study at any point of time. Results: the most common risk factor of renal failure is hypertension (38, 8%) and diabetes mellitus (28, 8%). We found that incidence of renal failure increase by the age from 1.9 % to 27.5 % until reach the age group (65 and above) the percentage start to decrease 20.6 % due to increased mortality rate at this group of age. We notice that males got a higher percentage in diabetes while females the highest % in hypertension. we also found that most of patient in low economic class and waiting for kidney donor. The majority of the patients are feeling very weak after dialysis. Conclusion: from our study, it is obvious that the most associated risk factors attribute to renal failure are hypertension and diabetes mellitus respectively. As we know this two disease are one of non- communicable diseases in Saudi Arabia, so the future researchers should make research about non- communicable and lifestyle disease and find the relation between these two diseases and other disease.
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