EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

STRATEGIES AND KINETICS OF INDUSTRIAL FERMENTATION FOR THE MASS PRODUCTION OF VARIOUS PRIMARY AND SECONDARY METABOLITES FROM MICROBES

Sikander Ali*, Syeda Tasmia Asma, Syeda Fatima Nadeem and Muneeba Samar

ABSTRACT

This review is mainly focused on the microbial cultivation, microbial growth kinetics, factors affecting the microbial growth and the metabolites production from various microbes. Different physical and chemical conditions play a vital role in the microbial cell growth by suppressing and as well as flourishing their growth. Several fermentation strategies are available for microbial cultivation such as batch cultivation, fed batch cultivation and continuous cultivation. For batch culture, a closed system is needed having minimum amount of important nutrients initially whereas for fed batch cultivation, new fresh medium are added continuously resulting in the increase in biomass concentration with time. Continuous cultures are the systems which are open and in which fresh medium is added continuously in fermentation chamber however the amount of medium present in the container remains constant. All above strategies are being used for production of various useful products that are of great importance to human beings as they are being directly used as food or drugs, or indirectly used as materials in food, chemical and pharmaceutical industries. The growing list of fermentation products includes primary metabolites (ethanol, citric acid and glutamic acid), secondary metabolites (antimicrobial drugs), enzymes (amylase, cellulase, xylanase, lipase and protease), vaccines (hepatitis A, B and some combination vaccines) and therapeutic proteins (interferon, human growth hormone and insulin).

Keywords: Microbes, Batch cultivation, Fed-batch cultivation, Continuous cultivation, Primary metabolites, Secondary metabolites.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )