( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



*Ameera Khalam, Jithin Mathew, Meenakshi S. and Chinju D. S.


Aim: Psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score is considered as the simplest method for detection of minimal hepatic encephalopathy. This pilot study aims to assess the prevalence of minimal hepatic encephalopathy using PHES in patients with liver cirrhosis, thus provide appropriate treatment and to prevent its progression to overt hepatic encephalopathy. Materials and methods: Twelve patients with liver cirrhosis who met up with the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in the study. All subjects underwent psychometric tests which include number connection test A and B (NCT-A), figure connection test A (FCT-A) line tracing test (LTT), serial dotting test(SDT), and digital symbol test(DST) in the same day. Results: Prevalence of MHE was found to be 50% which was detected with a psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score ≤ -5. Twelve patients with a mean age of 58.833±11.1667 completed all the five tests. 83.3% involved in the study were male respondents and 16.7% belongs to female population. The etiology for liver cirrhosis was found to be alcoholism (41.7%), hepatitis B (16.7%), hepatitis C (8.3%) and 33.3% due to primary sclerosing cholangitis, autoimmune hepatitis and steatohepatitis. Among subjects with MHE 62.5% belongs to CTP-B and 50% belongs to CTP-C. The mean PHES was found to be -5.41667±2.466441 points (median, -2; range, -2 to -10). Conclusion: MHE as undetectable mostly from any laboratory tests requires a validated diagnostic procedure but much more simple than critical flicker frequency inorder to be performed in an outpatient setting. This defines the importance of PHES in MHE detection. More studies need to be conducted on this topic as PHES has prognostic significance on survival of liver cirrhotic patients.

Keywords: Psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score, Minimal hepatic encephalopathy, Liver cirrhosis.

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  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 May 2024 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    MAY 2024 issue has been successfully launched on MAY 2024.

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    EJPMR Impact Factor has been Increased to 7.065 for Year 2024.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia