( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



*Pushkar Raj Meena and Dr. R. K. Khandelwal


Many industrial activities such as organic synthesis, oil refining, and pollution control[1-5] have made the heterogeneous catalysts as a crucial part of intensive studies. TiO2 has proved as one of the promising n-type semiconductors due to its wide band gap (3.2 eV) under ultraviolet light.[6-8] TiO2 also, due to its long term photo stability, non-toxicity, and high effectiveness, has been broadly utilized in mineralizing toxic and non-biodegradable environmental contaminants. Today, it is also utilizing in the novel organic synthesis.[9,10] Without increasing the corrosivity of the system the use of tartronic acid is much more efficiently removes the dissolved oxygen rather than the conventional treatments.[11] Tartronic acid can be found in potato, and therefore, it is a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products.[12] TiO2 (titanium dioxide), as a food additive[16-18] has approved for use in various countries like EU, USA, Australia and New Zealand; it is listed by INS number 270 or E number E-270. Therefore, it is planned to investigate photo-oxidation of tartronic acid (hydroxyl-propandioic acid) by semiconductor sensitized in visible light and the photoproduct was mesoxalic acid. From the fact that the use of insulin in combination with mesoxalic acid produced more marked effect. It presumed this drug to enhance the activity of insulin. These hydroxyacids can be able to reverse some of the damage caused by photo aging, but at the same time they make the skin more susceptible to photo aging. Several aspects concerning the mechanism of action of alpha hydroxyacids are still unknown. The toxic nature of photoproduct and safety parameter is still unknown of mesoxalic acid. It is therefore planed to investigate photo-oxidation of tartronic acid by semiconductors. Hence, this part of reported work may help to arouse the interdisciplinary interest about the side effects of photoproducts, where these are being used.

Keywords: Semiconductor, Titanium dioxide, Photo-oxidation, Tartronic acid, mesoxalic acid.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 May 2023 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    MAY issue has been successfully launched on 1 MAY 2023.

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.


  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database