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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Wing Commander Dr. Muhammad Sami Bilal*, Dr. Beenish Sami, Dr. Fatima Taufeeq


‘Disasters, whether natural or manmade, affect lives and property, devastating communities through a chain of catastrophic sequences affecting social and economic developments.’ (Cohen, 2002) Survivors, as well as care providers, are at risk from suffering from traumatic effects of disasters. (Bilal and Rana 2007). Disasters are complex events that challenge the coping abilities of individuals and communities. (Alexander 2005). The authors have considered the ongoing geographical circumstances where the infliction of this form of terrorism had attained an almost endemic form. This article reviews the likely impact of such events especially the man made part of disasters focusing particularly on suicide bombing and factors that compromise the ability of survivors to cope with that impact. Pakistan has been on the forefront of fighting terrorism and as a paradigm been facing some worst forms of terrorism and suicide bombings throughout the country. It becomes pertinent to carry out research in the part of world that is facing, fighting and managing the aftershocks of these terrorist critical incidents. Pakistan armed forces along with the civilian armed forces have been at war with this menace of terrorist for years and lost almost over 70,000 individuals. Although the armed forces are on the verge of defeating and uprooting terrorism in various military operations at the grass root levels in the country, yet there still exits a nexus of the old and newly arising terrorism outfits that needs to be obliterated fully. This article attempts to delineate the impact of terrorist critical incidents on the survivors and the relevant psychosocial interventions available to be engaged. The principles of early intervention are also considered in the later part. Conclusion: The mental health response to disaster is of great importance and it should be guided by evidence based findings and intervention principles.

Keywords: Suicide bombing, PTSD, ASD, EMDR, Manmade disasters, terrorism.

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  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 May 2024 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    MAY 2024 issue has been successfully launched on MAY 2024.

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    EJPMR Impact Factor has been Increased to 7.065 for Year 2024.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia