( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Ayman Al-Talib*, MD, SSCOG, GOC


Hydatidform Mole comprises 90% of gestational trophoplastic disease (GTD) cases. It consists of complete mole (CM) and partial mole (PM). In CM the majority of cases are 46XX androgenetic karyotype with no fetus, while PM are ttriploid karyotype (69, XXY) in the majority of cases with an abnormal fetus. Familial recurrent hydatidiform mole: it is a rare autosomal recessive condition which runs in families. The chromosomes are biparental, unlike the usual androgenetic origin. Several risk factors have been evaluated; maternal age and previous molar pregnancy were the most common. The clinical presentation of CM has changed in the last 2 decades with vaginal bleeding as a common symptom due to earlier diagnosis by first trimester ultrasonography (USG). Most of CM moles are diagnosed in first trimester; a typical appearance of a complex echogenic intrauterine mass containing small cystic spaces is suggestive. Occasionally, cystic lesions are noted in placenta on USG of PM. USG detected both CM and PM before the evacuation in less than 60% of cases, so histological examination of product of conception is essential for the diagnosis. Suction evacuation is the standard treatment irrespective of uterine size. The serum hCG level is a sensitive indicator in follow up the disease process, including treatment response and detection of persistent GTD and relapse. Several risk factors are well known to increase the risk for GTD include: a preevacuation hCG level (> than 100,000 IU/L), Age >40 years, large for date uterine size and presence of thecan-lutein cyst (>6 cm).

Keywords: Molar pregnancy, Complete Mole, Partial Mole, GTD.

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  • New Issue Published

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia