EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

A LITERATURE REVIEW ON HYPERTENSIVE CRISIS

Shanker K. C., Prateek Raj Karnikar, Hu Deng and Wang Zhi Quan*

ABSTRACT

Hypertension (HTN) is a leading cause of global disease, mortality, and disability. In developed countries because of increased awareness regarding the health and widespread availability of antihypertensive drug, there has been decreased in the number of patient visiting to primary physician due to increased “crisis level” of blood pressure (BP). Thus, only few patients with the history of HTN or pervious use of antihypertensive drugs can automatically developed hypertensive crisis (HC). HC are the acute medical problem seen in the clinical practice and also most misunderstood and mismanage problem. HC can be divided into hypertensive urgencies (HU) and hypertensive emergencies (HE). This classification is extremely useful in clinical practice because according to this classification, the management to the patient can be judge like, to give oral medication or parental medication, to hospitalize the patient or not, who low and how fast should we go to reduce the BP. Due to lack of knowledge most of the physician, aggressively revert the elevated blood pressure which in turn cause more harm to the patient and is associated in increasing the rate of morbidity and death. The aim of this narrative review is to summarize the basis concept, misconceptions and pitfalls of HC, to improve the public awareness, recognition the risk factor, how to diagnose, how to treat the patient of HC present in the emergency department (ED). (Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia related to pregnancy induced hypertension is not included in this review.)

Keywords: Hypertension, Hypertensive Crisis, Hypertensive Emergencies, Hypertensive Urgencies, Pathophysiology, Management.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )