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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

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European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Deepti Parmar*, Dr. G. C. Rajput, Dr. Vinod Kashyap, Dr. K.P. Chaudhary and Dr. Praveen Panwar


Purpose: To study the incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity at Indira Gandhi Medical College Shimla and Kamla Nehru State Hospital For Mother & Child Shimla in the hilly terrain of Himachal Pradesh. Methods: A hospital based prospective observational study was conducted from July2014 to June2015at neonatal intensive care unit and ophthalmology unit at Indira Gandhi Medical College Shimla and Kamla Nehru State Hospital For Mother & Child Shimla. 92 babies admitted to the neonatal unit who were ≤ 1750gms or whose gestation was ≤ 34 weeks were examined by an ophthalmologist by indirect ophthalmoscope at 4 weeks postnatal age. Results: Out of 92 babies screened 22 babies developed ROP. The incidence of ROP was 23.92%.Out of 22 babies who developed ROP 8 (36.36%) had stage 1, 6 (27.27%) had stage 2, 7 (31.81%) had stage 3, 1 (4.54%) had APROP, 1 (4.54%) had preplus disease and 2 (9.09%) had plus disease. On univariate analysis birth weight, gestational age, oxygen administration, duration of oxygen exposure, respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, anemia, blood transfusion, congenital cardiac defects, multiple birth, premature rupture of membranes were found to be significant risk factors. In the present study thrombocytopenia, neonatal jaundice, phototherapy, apnea, surfactant, hpoxic ischemic encephalopathy, antenatal steroid intake, gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy induced hypertension, antepartum hemorrhage were however not found as significant risk factor. Conclusion: Lower gestation age, lower birth weight, sepsis, apnea, blood transfusion, duration of oxygen are associated with a greater incidence of retinopathy prematurity. These factors must be prevented and more care for early detection of retinopathy should be conducted.

Keywords: Retinopathy of Prematurity, Neonatal risk factors, Low birth weight, Preterm infant.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia