( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Pushkar Raj Meena*


Heterogeneous catalysts have become a crucial part of many industrial activities, such as organic synthesis, oil refining, and pollution control.[1-5] TiO2 has proven to be one of the promising n-type semiconductors due to its wide band gap (3.2 eV) under ultraviolet light.[6-8] TiO2 also, due to its non-toxicity, long term photo stability, and high effectiveness, has been widely utilized in mineralizing toxic and non-biodegradable environmental contaminants as well as the novel organic synthesis.[9,10] Tartronic acid is much more efficient at removing dissolved oxygen than the conventional treatments, without increasing the corrosivity of the system.[11] Tartronic acid can be found in potato, a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products.[12] As a food additive[16-18], TiO2 (titanium dioxide) is approved for use in various countries like EU, USA, Australia and New Zealand; it is listed by INS number 270 or E number E-270. In the present part of study, it is planned to investigate photo-oxidation of tartronic acid (hydroxyl-propandioic acid) by semiconductor sensitized in visible light and the photoproduct was mesoxalic acid. From the fact that the use of insulin in combination with mesoxalic acid produced more marked effect, it is presumed this drug enhances the activity of insulin. These hydroxyacids can be able to reverse some of the damage caused by photo aging, but at the same time they make the skin more susceptible to photo aging. Several aspects concerning the mechanism of action of alpha hydroxyacids are still unknown. The toxic nature of photoproduct and safety parameter is still unknown of mesoxalic acid. It is therefore planed to investigate photo-oxidation of tartronic acid by semiconductors. Hence, this part of reported work may help to arouse the interdisciplinary interest about the side effects of photoproducts, where these are being used.

Keywords: Semiconductor, Titanium dioxide, Photo-oxidation, Tartronic acid, mesoxalic acid.

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  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 July 2024 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    JULY 2024 issue has been successfully launched on JULY 2024.

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    EJPMR Impact Factor has been Increased to 7.065 for Year 2024.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia