ASSESSMENT OF SERUM MAGNESIUM AND CALCIUM LEVELS IN LONG STANDING TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS IN ELOBIED CITY
Zeinab Ali Osman Ali, Nizar Ali Ahmed and Akram Hamed Awadalla Elsukar*
Introduction: Globally, diabetes mellitus is the most prevalent disease among all races and ethnicities, and hence they attach to extraordinary medical important. Mg+2 and Ca+2 are of the trace elements that have enjoyed numerous experiments owing to involvement with insulin sensitivity and carbohydrate metabolism. Objective: to evaluate the serum levels of magnesium and calcium in long standing type 2 diabetes mellitus in comparison to normal healthy individuals. Materials & Methods: quantitative, descriptive, cross sectional study, carried in patient with long standing (>10 years) type 2 diabetes mellitus in Elobied Teaching Hospital and Wad Elyas Diabetic Center. Thirty patients with long standing type 2 diabetes mellitus (12male &18female) and thirty apparently healthy (non diabetic) volunteers as control group, age and sex of the test group were matched with that of the control group. The serum levels of magnesium and calcium were measured by using a spectrophotometer technique. Results: This study revealed a significant different of the mean levels of the magnesium and calcium of the test group when compared with the control group. Conclusion: The current study indicates that determination of magnesium and calcium is of value for diabetics since their serum levels were significantly decreased.
Keywords: Electrolytes, North Kordofan, Diabetes Mellitus.
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