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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Apoorva Kotian*, Dr. K. V. V. Prasad and Dr. Pradeep Kumar Singh


Introduction: For maintaining good oral health, efficiency and frequency of tooth brushing is important. Accumulation of the microbial plaque on the tooth surface is a direct cause of gingivitis and that gingivitis may precede periodontitis.[10] Before the clinical signs of gingivitis become evident, neutrophils start appearing, acting as a first line of defense against invading microbes. By tooth brushing, though the percentage of gingivitis reduces, it is only minimal. This study was done to check the amount of oral neutrophil count in people who brush once and twice a day. Aim: To check the effectiveness of frequency of tooth brushing on gingival status and oral neutrophil count. Materials and Methods: 30 subjects who gave the informed consent participated in the study. At the baseline visit they were randomly assigned to (1) once a day tooth brushing group, (2) twice a day tooth brushing group, according to baseline gingival scores Followed by estimation of salivary neutrophil count. All were asked to use the same toothbrush and toothpaste and were recalled on the 16th day for re-evaluation. Results: Baseline GI scores and oral neutrophil count demonstrated no statistical differences between the two groups (P>0.05). At the 2‑week examination, even though statistically there was no significant difference but clinically, both oral neutrophil count and gingivitis reduction were more in twice a day toothbrushing group. Conclusions: Although there was no statistically significant difference in gingival scores and neutrophil count between the two groups, the result of this pilot study showed clinically greater reduction in neutrophil count in twice a day tooth brushing group. So this study shows some direction for conducting future studies in this area.

Keywords: Toothbrushing, Gingivitis, Salivary Neutrophil Count.

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  • New Issue Published

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia