EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

DIFFERENT TYPES OF INDUSTRIAL FERMENTORS AND THEIR ASSOCIATED OPERATIONS FOR THE MASS PRODUCTION OF METABOLITES

Sikander Ali*, Ayesha Rafique, Mariam Ahmed and Sadia Sakandar

ABSTRACT

The process of fermentation involves production of gases, alcohols or organic acids, by the consumption of sugars using pure culture of microbes. Fermentation Process is carried out in specially designed vessel called as fermenter or bioreactor. This vessel is utilized to support the growth conditions of microorganisms carrying out fermentation. Its design and construction must provide the optimum environment conditions to the microorganisms. Fermenters are usually the cylinder shaped vessels having spherical top or bottom with varying sizes ranging from liters to cubic meters made up of stainless steel or glass. In fermenters are biological reactions are allowed to occur under very controlled conditions. The designing and operation of a fermenter is mainly based upon the organism used for fermentation, optimum conditions required for the desired product formation, value of the product and the production scale. It also involves investment and the running cost. There are various types of bioreactors used in fermentation industry and their operations are mainly based upon the microbial cells carrying out fermentation and the product which has to be achieved after that fermentation. This article comprises a brief description of various types of fermenters, their operations, applications, advantages and disadvantages. However further efforts are needed to boost up technology and performance of bioreactors. Strategies must be designed to lower cost of fermentation and construction of fermenters no matter which product is being produced. Novel and innovative industrial products can be developed very easily by establishing a more sustainable industrial production

Keywords: fermenters, bioreactors, fermentation, fluidized bed fermenter, baffle.


[Full Text Article]

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  • EJPMR: JANUARY ISSUE PUBLISHED

    JANUARY issue has been successfully launched on 1 JANUARY 2023.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database