EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

ASSESSMENT OF THE FREQUENCY OF DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY AMONG TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS AT A TERTIARY CARE HEALTH CENTRE. A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

Dr. Ravi C. Sharma, *Dr. Dinesh Dutt Sharma, Dr. Neeraj Kanwar, Dr. Manish K Thakur and Dr. Pankaj Kanwar

ABSTRACT

Background: The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) varies in different countries, and is very high in India. There is a high prevalence of mental illnesses in TB patients. Aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of depression and anxiety among tuberculosis patients. Methods: It was a cross sectional observational study. We had investigated the co-morbidity of depression and anxiety among tuberculosis patients with reference to the gender. The study was conducted in Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, DOTS centre from September 2017 to February 2018. Hundred and twenty consecutive patients of tuberculosis (82 males and 38 females) seeking treatment were enrolled in the study. Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) were used to assess the level of anxiety and depression. Results: Our results showed that 49% tuberculosis (TB) patients had moderate to severe level of depression, whereas 54% TB patients had moderate to severe level of anxiety. Female patients had significantly high prevalence of depression as compared to males (t = −2.68, P < 0.05). Similarly, prevalence of anxiety was also significantly higher in female patients (t = −3.64, P < 0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of depression and anxiety was found to be significant in the tuberculosis patients. Early detection and treatment of these psychiatric co-morbidities from tuberculosis patients may increase the treatment compliance and reduce relapse. This can improve the quality of life of patients and prognosis of the disease as well.

Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire-7, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Tuberculosis.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )