PREPARATION AND EVALUATION OF CAFFEINATED FAIRNESS CREAM
Simanchal Panda* and Dr. Sruti Ranjan Mishra
Though most of these fairness products are based on one simple formula of controlling dispersion of Melanin (the pigment that controls the skin colour), different companies are adding a number of other additives to position themselves differently from others and it is this positioning that makes the difference. General details Turnover of Indian fairness cream market Around Rs.710 crores Growth rate in demand for Fairness cream Around 10% per annum. The organic solvent chloroform is used to extract caffeine from an aqueous extract of tea leaves because caffeine is more soluble in chloroform (140 mg/ml) than it is in water (22 mg/ml). The emulsifier (stearic acid) and other oil soluble components (Cetyl alcohol, almond oil) were dissolved in the oil phase (Part A) and heated to 75° C. The preservatives and other water soluble components (Methyl paraban, Propyl paraban, Triethanolamine, Propylene glycol, caffeine) were dissolved in the aqueous phase (Part B) and heated to 75° C. After heating, the aqueous phase was added in portions to the oil phase with continuous stirring until cooling of emulsifier took place. caffeine has been found to have some antioxidant activity. Topical application of caffeine additionally dehydrates skin cells, making the skin temporarily appear smoother. a diuretic (making the skin temporarily appear smoother). Lastly, caffeine is a vasoconstrictor, and its topical application may reduce the appearance of under-eye puffiness and dark circles, although only those caused by vasodilation. Results: The pH of the cream base was found to be in range of 6.2-6.9 which is good for skin pH. The viscosity of was cream was in the range of 27021-27053 cps which indicates spreadibilty of cream. Acid value 5.9, saponification value 25.7. Dye test, Homogeneity, Appearance, After feel Emolliency was determined and found to be satisfactory.
Keywords: Spreadibility, saponification value, caffeine, cosmeceuticals, antioxidant, melanin.
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