PRIMARY DYSMENORRHOEA AND ITS MANAGEMENT IN UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE
Kamar Sultana, Saba Fatma*, Sayeda Shifa Zaidi and Samreen Khan
Usr-e-Tams (Dysmenorrhoea) is one of the most common prevailing gynecological problems, suffered by almost half of all female adolescents with a prevalence of 60% to 93%, and a major contributor of short term school and recurrent work absenteeism, about 600 million work hours and worth 2 billion dollars annual economic loss has been reported in united states due to the problem of primary dysmenorrhoea. In Unani system of medicine, dysmenorrhea is described under the heading of Usre Tams. Unani physician, Ibn-e-Sina has stated that this obstruction occurs due to the temperamental changes leading painful menstrual flow, According to Greek philosopher Hippocrates, dysmenorrhoea occurs due to cessation of menstrual blood flow. There are many studies that have shown that dysmenorrhoea had a failure of 20-25% in conventional treatment, So People are looking for other safer options. In unani system of medicine herbal drugs, compound unani formulations and various traditionally therapeutic options like dalak (massage) Ab-e-zan (sitz bath) and hijamah bila shart (dry cupping), has been mentioned for its management purposes. Aim of this paper is to highlight the importance of management of dysmenorrhea.
Keywords: Hijamah bila shart, Usr-e-Tams, traditionally therapeutic options.
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