( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Josephine Nonye Ubah* and Florence Uchechukwuka Nkwogu


Background: Dry eye disease or dry eye syndrome is a disorder of tears and ocular surface which has been reported to be common and can lead to visual disability. Identified common risk factors include age, gender and certain medications. Not much has been documented on this apparently common problem in the country, thus necessitating the study. Aim: The aim of this study was to find out the prevalence of dry eye symptoms in persons who accompany patients to the eye clinic. Materials and Methods: Data was collected through administration of questionnaire that incorporated the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) to the sample population after obtaining an informed consent. Information obtained was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences(SPSS) version 21. Result: There were 466 candidates recruited for the study, comprising 266(57.1%) males and 200(42.9%) females. The prevalence of dry eye was 16.3% in the study. About one third of the candidates were within the 40 to 49 years age group. Frequency of dry eye symptoms was commonest in the 50 to 69 years age range. Presence of systemic diseases and eye problems, use of systemic medication and frequent reading from computers, hand set or books were statistically significant on crude analysis but taking age into consideration, only the presence of eye and systemic diseases were significant. (p=0.017, OR=0.413; CI of 0.200-0.853) and (p=0.000, OR= 0.072; CI of 0.037-0.141) respectively. Conclusion: Prevalence of dry eye symptom in the population studied was 16.3%. There is strong association between dry eye symptoms and, the presence of systemic and eye diseases. Further studies are required to assess the relationship between various eye problems and systemic diseases and dry eyes.

Keywords: Patient companions, dry eyes symptoms, prevalence.

[Full Text Article]



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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database