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European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Josephine Adetinuola Eniola Eziyi*, Chukwuemeka Dubem Uchendu, Oluwapelumi Ojuolape Olusoga Peters, Mike Ikoko1 and Sanyaolu Alani Ameye


This study aims to describe the age, gender, types and site of foreign body lodgement, including modalities of foreign body (FB) presentation and management in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery of a Tertiary Hospital in South Western Nigeria over a five year period (January 2010 to December 2014) using data from Hospital records. 180 patients had ear, nose or throat FBs constituting 57.8% [104 patients (114FBs)], 14.4% (26 patients) and 27.8% (50 patients) respectively. Males were 88 (48.9%) and females were 92 (51.1%) and children below 10years constituted 64.4% (116 patients) of all cases. Majority of the FBs (183, 96.3%) were inanimate. About a third of patients presented within 24hours (34.4%), another third within a week (33.9%) while the last third presented at varied timing spanning over and above a year. Previous attempts at removal by unskilled personnel was seen in 24% (25cases) of aural FBs and 38.5% (10 cases) of Nasal FBs respectively while no attempt at removal was made for throat FBs. Thirteen (12.5%) and 4 (15.4%) of patients with aural and nasal FB respectively presented with complications following varied attempts at removal. Sixty-five FBs (34.2%) of the foreign bodies were removed without anaesthesia while 4.2% (8 FBs) and 61.6% (117 FBs) were removed under local and general anaesthesia respectively. Ear foreign bodies are the commonest of the ENT foreign bodies in our practice. Many of our patients still present first to unskilled personnel with its attendant complications. There is a need for public enlightenments on preventing foreign body insertion into the ENT region in children and adults.

Keywords: Foreign bodies, Ear, Nose, Throat, Nigeria.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia