EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

IS KNOWLEDGE OF DIABETES AND ITS MANAGEMENT INFLUENCE ADHERENCE TO EXERCISE, HEALTHY DIET AND MEDICATIONS?: A SURVEY AMONG SUDANESE PATIENTS IN KHARTOUM STATE; SUDAN.

Ahmed Tagelsir Mohamed Ali (Msc)*, Prof. Yousif MA, Abubaker Ibrahim Elbur

ABSTRACT

Background: Non-adherence to self-care practices and medications represents a challenge to the control of diabetes. This study main aim was to measure patients' knowledge of diabetes and its management and to identify the influence of knowledge on the level of adherence to self-care practices and medications. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during 15th February– 30th May 2013 in Khartoum State; Sudan. Adults (aged >18 years) diabetic patients on medical treatment were recruited. Convenience method of sampling was adopted. Data was collected through face-to face interview method by a structured questionnaire. Data was processed by the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Results: A total of 400 patients was recruited with a mean age of 54 years. Of them 230(57.5%) were males. Nearly two-third suffered from diabetes for < 5 years and 50% were living with another disease /s concomitantly with diabetes. Patients had satisfactory knowledge on diabetes were 132 (33.0%). The rate of adherence to diet, exercise, and medications was 24.5%, 33.3% and 9.5% respectively. Adherence to diet was significantly associated with the presence of other disease/s (P = 0.020). Patients who had diabetes for a duration < 5 years were more adherent to a healthy diet compared to those living with the disease for a duration > 5 years ( P = 0.002). Predictors of adherence to medications were educational level and duration of diabetes (P = 0.024) and (P = 0.005) respectively. Conclusions: The study revealed wide room for improvement in patients’ knowledge of their disease and its management together with low adherence to self-care practices. Health education and patient motivation are badly needed to upgrade patients’ knowledge and to improve adherence.

Keywords: Diabetes, Knowledge, Adherence, Diet , Exercise, Medications.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )