( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Nong-Hoon Choe1, Myeong-Jin Lee2, Young-Hwan Kwon3 and Won-Chang Lee1*


Background and Methods: To compare the comparative quantitative analysis of the epidemiological aspects of tetanus infections among Korean and Japanese since from 2010 to 2015. The raw data analyzed in this study were obtained from the websites of tetanus infections by the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) in Korea and the National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID) in Japan, 2010-2015. Results: We observed tetanus 117 cases with cumulative incidence rate (CIR) per 100,000 populations in Korea during the period from 2010 to 2015 were as 0.039 per 100,000 populations and with a total of 4 fatal cases, corresponding to a cases fatality rate (CFR) of 3.4%, respectively. During the same period in Japan, 716 tetanus cases with a CIR of 0.094 and with a 52 fatal cases to a CFR of 7.3% were observed. When compared, the CIR of tetanus in Korea was much lower than that in Japan (p<0.01). However, Korea and Japan, the case-fatality rates and the tetanus affected both sexes (male to female morbidity ratio: MFMR) were statistically not significantly difference levels between Korea and Japan. In both countries, the incidence of tetanus was highest among those aged 40 years and older, and outbreaks peaked in summer (p<0.01). Significant differences were observed in the incidence of tetanus cases between the capital city and county areas in both two countries (p<0.01). These differences in tetanus risk factors reflect the different influences of reservoir/host, climate and geographical and environmental characteristics, and variation in their activities for lifestyle or industrialization. Conclusion: Tetanus in Korea and Japan an emerging zoonosis, a serious concerned to the public health. Therefore, the development a health education for tetanus prevention and improvement of the living environment will aid in reducing from sources of infection.

Keywords: Tetanus, Epidemiological aspects, risk factors, Korea, Japan.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 October 2021 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    OCTOBER Issue has been successfully launched on 1 October 2021.

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.


  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )