EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

RESONANCE FREQUENCY ANALYSIS (RFA) IN IMPLANT DENTISTRY

Dr. Urvashi Keswani*, Dr. Pranav Bhide and Dr. Huzaifa Ezzy

ABSTRACT

Implant stability and osseointegration have been the two major issues affecting long term implant survival since its advent. The osseointegration of implants is the growth of bone around the implant surface forming an interlocking with the surface roughness of the introduced fixture while the stability of an implant is a mechanical phenomenon that depends largely on the quality and amount of bone surrounding an implant, the type of implant and the placement technique used by the clinician. Various crude methods were used in the past in order to gauge the stability of an implant like percussion with dull instruments, initial torque values, radiographic analysis and the likes. These techniques however failed to provide the clinician with a standardized method to assess implant stability and thus led to poor judgment on part of the clinician regarding the loading time for that particular case. The advent of the Resonance frequency analysis, which is a non-invasive, cost effective and simple procedure, has greatly helped clinicians achieve a more reliable mode of judgment. As the use of immediate loading of implants has become increasingly popular with clinicians in order to reduce morbidity, patient discomfort and to ensure faster rehabilitation, the use of accessory methods to gauge implant stability have become a must. The Resonance frequency analysis has proven to be a novel method to achieve just that. This review is aimed at throwing light on the RFA technique used to assess implant stability, how RFA values can be used to improve outcomes in implant therapy and to explain how implant stability quotient data can be used to objectively determine dental implant loading and restorative protocols.

Keywords: Implant stability, resonance frequency analysis (RFA), Implant stability quotient, Osseointegration.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )