EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

HEMOLYTIC ACTIVITY AND ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF AEROMONAS SP. ISOLATED FROM MARKETED FISH.

Indu Sharma*, Deepanjali Rabha, Susmita Das and Devjani Ningombam

ABSTRACT

The present work highlights the important incidence of Aeromonas sp., with hemolytic activity, antimicrobial resistance and multiple antibiotic resistance (MAR) isolated from freshwater marketed fish (Labeo rohita) intended for human consumption in Silchar town. Hence, a total of 114 samples were collected of which 45 isolates were isolated. Strain differentiation of A. hydrophila was done on the basis of different sugar fermentation tests used in this study. The haemolytic activity tests were performed on blood agar containing 5% sheep red blood cells and of the 45 Aeromonas sp. strains that were isolated, 35 (77.7%) isolates exhibited β-haemolysis and the number of isolates showing α-haemolysis (8; 17.7%) and γ-haemolysis (2; 4.4%) was relatively small. Antibiotic resistance results revealed that all the A. hydrophila strains were 100% resistant to ampicillin. Besides this, more than 80% of the strains were found to be resistant to penicillin, ofloxacine and gentamycin. Kanamycin, nalidixic acid, chloramphenicol and tetracycline were recorded with a resistance percentage between 28-32% and resistance towards erythromycin (52%) and neomycin (8%) was also observed. Finally, the percentage occurrence of antibiotic resistance of MAR index was calculated and a MAR index value of more than 0.2 was observed, thus suggesting that all the isolates originated from high-risk source of contamination.

Keywords: Fish, haemolytic activity, antibiotic resistance.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )