A BREIF REVIEW ON HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS: A DNA VIRUS FROM THE PAPILLOMAVIRUS FAMILY
Dr. Amit Kumar Dutta, Ph.D*
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). HPV is a different virus than HIV and HSV (herpes). HPV is so common that nearly all sexually active people get it at some point in their lives. There are many different types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Some types can cause health problems including genital warts and cancers. But there are vaccines that can stop these health problems from happening. HPV is transmitted through intimate skin-to-skin contact. You can get HPV by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has the virus. It is most commonly spread during vaginal or anal sex. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is so common that nearly all men and women get it at some point in their lives. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) can be passed even when an infected person has no signs or symptoms. Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or groups of bumps in the genital area. They can be small or large, raised or flat, or shaped like a cauliflower. A healthcare provider can usually diagnose warts by looking at the genital area. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Cancers include cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, or anus. HPV infection can also cause cancer in the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils.
Keywords: HIV and HSV.
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