EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

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Abstract

PREVALENCE, RISK FACTORS, OUTCOMES & MANAGEMENT OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS IN INTENSIVE CARE UNITS OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR HOSPITALS OF LAHORE, PAKISTAN

*Varda Zaffar, Yusra Anwar, Eesha Sajid, Sehar Ilyas and Dr. Bushra Ali Sherazi

ABSTRACT

Objective: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors, outcomes, management of nosocomial infections in intensive care units of both the public and private health sector hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan. Material & Method: An observational study was conducted on 100 subjects in duration of two months. Data collection form was designed and filled for analyzing prevalence, risk factors, outcomes and management of nosocomial infection in intensive care units. The forms were evaluated and analyzed the data was calculated in %ages and the results were shown in the form of graphs depicting comparison between the two mentioned sectors. Results: The age of majority of the patients lied within a range of 41-50 years. The prevalence of nosocomial infection was more in public sector than private. The most susceptible population for acquiring nosocomial infection were either immune compromised patients or children/aged people. The major outcomes of nosocomial infection was found to be increased length of hospital stay and as a result increase in treatment cost. In both the private and public sectors, the guidelines for nosocomial infection prevention and management existed but there was no surveillance program in both the sectors. Unfortunately, there was no monitoring of nosocomial infection in both the sectors. Conclusion: From the study it was concluded that nosocomial infection in intensive care units is prevalent in both the sectors, the risk factors affect the patient’s health and financial conditions, but there is no monitoring program for its prevention in majority of the hospitals while the guidelines exist for its management.

Keywords: nosocomial infection, prevalence, susceptible, prevention.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia