MEDICAL CO MORBIDITIES IN PATIENTS OF LEWY BODY DEMENTIA-A HOSPITALBASED STUDY
Manjunadh Muralleedharan, Junaid Nabi, Mohammad Sarwar Mir* and Nowsheen Zaffar
Background: Dementia is increasingly becoming a major healthcare challenge as the population ages worldwide, with an estimated 25 million cases of dementia globally. Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) accounts for 10% to 25% of dementia cases in clinical populations. The studies which analyzed co-morbidities exclusively in Lewy body Dementia(LBD) are very rare and are absent in Indian population, Current study is an attempt to figure out medical co-morbidities in patients of LBD in an Indian set up. Methods: Twenty five patients diagnosed with LBD with Neary criteria were included in the study; socio demographic and medical co-morbidities were recorded andClinical Global Impression scale(CGI-S)was administered to find out severity of the disorder. Each patient was informed about the purpose of interview; his/her consent was obtained and strict confidentiality was ensured. Results: Out ofthe total sample size of 25 patients, 11 patients had single co-morbidity, while as 7 patientshad two co-morbidity and 4 patients had three co-morbidity. Males were more represented in the sample; most patients belonged to marked and severe category in severity of illness. Discussion: In our study, we found a positive association with male sex, increased risk was found in patients with Migraine, and other co-morbidities were in accordance with general prevalence of them in elderly, the illness was rated severe in most patients indicating the nature and rapid progression LBD.
Keywords: Lewy Body Dementia, Medical Co Morbidity, Dementia Oflewybody, Dementia.
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