EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

EVALUATION OF TECHNIQUES OF INHALATION DEVICES AMONG PATIENT OF COPD AND BRONCHIAL ASTHMA

Rajendra Saugat, Rajendra Bera, Manak Gujrani, Gunjan Soni, Pramod Thakral and Akhil Kapoor*

ABSTRACT

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and bronchial Asthma are common respiratory diseases having a large burden on society in term of mortality and morbidity. Drugs and inhalational devices is a main stay in the treatment. Beside the nebulizer, the development of other devices other like PMDI/DPI made it possible to improve delivery of drugs to the lungs and produces local effect and decrease systemic side effect. Material & Method: Study conducted in patients who were known cases of Chronic obstructive Pulmonary Disease or Bronchial Asthma, between the Ages of 15 to 70 year. Patients were excludes as Age <15 or >70 years, Patients suffering from active tuberculosis infection, Patient with a co-morbid, condition, Patient unwilling to participate in the study. Results: 304 patient were enrolled having COPD & Bronchial asthma 83.9% patient had error in techniques while using inhalational devices, highest error within 41 to 60 year of age and male > female , rural > urban lower educated were did more error, COPD> bronchial asthma, MDI without spacer> with spacer > DPI ,frequently using and long duration users were made less error. Those patient are educated by doctor having least error & highest with self educator. Conclusions: Devices are complicated to use, requiring many step for a correctly perform inhalational maneuver. Here we found mistakes among educators and evaluation of inhalational technique for using prescribed inhalational devices in COPD and Bronchial Asthma patients.

Keywords: Copd, Asthma, Devices, Inhalational Therapy, Errors, Metered Dose Inhaler, Dry Powder Inhalers.


[Full Text Article]

INDEXING

NEWS & UPDATION

  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 December 2021 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on http://www.ejpmr.com/home/current_issues

  • EJPMR: DECEMBER ISSUE PUBLISHED

    DECEMBER Issue has been successfully launched on 1 December 2021.

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.

    .

  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )