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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Hoda A. Mahran*, Ahmed M. Fahmy, Mahmoud Moawad and Eman H. Kandil


Egypt, breast cancer represents approximately 33% of all female cancers and 29% of cancer cases treated at the National Cancer Institute. The present work aimed to determine the differences between normal breast tissue, fibroadenoma and invasive ductal carcinoma tissues using histopathological, histochemical (PAS reaction was used for demonstration of polysaccharides and mercury bromophenol blue method for demonstration of total proteins), immunohistochemical studies (using antibodies directed against ER, PR, p53, Bax and Bcl-2) as well as DNA fragmentation assay. Sixty female breast specimens were obtained from Pathology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University from 2012 to 2014. A noticeable difference in the content of polysaccharides and proteins in the three studied groups (normal, fibroadenoma and invasive ductal carcinoma) was detected. Tumor specimens showed lowest polysaccharides and highest proteins content. Out of 40 invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) cases, Bcl-2 expressed in 24 cases (60%) and Bax expressed in 16 cases (40%). Also, 30% and 40% of the IDC specimens showed positive ER and PR expression; respectively. Total optical density in IDC specimens was statistically increased due to fragmentation of DNA. It was concluded that normal breast tissues contained the highest polysaccharides contents, while fibroadenoma specimens showed moderate content and the lowest content was in IDC specimens. The total proteins in the invasive ductal carcinoma specimens showed significant increase compared with fibroadenoma and normal specimens. There was significant increase in Bcl-2, Bax and p53 expression in invasive ductal carcinoma. There was a marked decrease in ER expression in both fibroadenoma and invasive ductal carcinoma than normal breast. There was high DNA fragmentation in invasive ductal carcinoma.

Keywords: Breast cancer, Histology, Histochemistry, Immunohistochemistry, Bcl-2, Bax, p53, ER, PR and DNA fragmentation.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia