THE EFFECTS OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS ON RENAL FUNCTION AMONG PETROLEUM FILLING WORKERS STATIONS IN EL-OBIED CITY
Akram H. Awadalla*, Nizar A. Ahmed and Ali Yagoob Edrees Yagoob
Background: Petrol (or gasoline) is a volatile and inflammable petroleum-derived liquid mixture primarily used for internal combustion of machines. Objective: To assess the renal function of individuals who are occupationally exposed to „petrol‟ product. Patients, material & methods: a cross sectional study of sixty seven individuals comprising thirty seven „petrol station‟ attendants (test group) in El-obeyed, North Kordofan State, Sudan, and thirty apparently healthy individuals who are „non-petrol station‟ attendants (control group) age and sex matched during the period from December 2015 to August 2016. Venous blood samples were collected for the analysis of plasma Creatinine, urea, uric acid, Na+, K+, and Ca+2 using standard laboratory procedures. Results: The plasma levels of Creatinine, urea, uric acid and Na+ were significantly elevated among the test group when compared with control group, while there was no significant different of the plasma level of Ca+2 and K+ among the study population. Also this study reveal that there is significant positive correlation of urea, calcium and sodium levels with the duration of exposures in (years) among filling station workers P. value ≤ 0.05.Conclusion: The prolonged exposure to the petroleum product affect on renal function of the filling station workers; therefore upgrading and development of the worker environment is recommended to minimize the progression of renal insufficiency among them.
Keywords: North Kordofan State, Filling Station, Petroleum.
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