EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PREVALENCE AND PRESCRIBING PATTERN IN ORTHOPAEDIC DEPARTMENT AT A RURAL HOSPITAL SET UP - A PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

Dr. P. Kishore*, K. Prathyusha and Dr. K. Ramesh

ABSTRACT

Aim: To study the prescribing patterns and prevalence of disorders in Orthopaedic department at a rural set up. Methodology: A prospective observational study was conducted in the outpatient department of Orthopedics in Nizamabad. This study was conducted for a month from May 1st to May 31st. Patients who are willing to participate in the study; falling between the age group 1-90yrs were considered. Total 501 prescriptions were collected from the patients and analyzed. Results: In the study population, 234 [46.7%] were male and 267 [53.3%] were female. In our study we found that 194 patients were suffering with major types of arthritis like osteoarthritis, polyarthralgia and rheumatoid arthritis. The commonly prescribed drugs are calcium supplements/multivitamins [28.3%]; analgesics [26.2%], proton pump inhibitors [20.2%], NSAID’s [26.2%], antibiotics [5.3%] and corticosteroids [2.9%]. Other drugs like DMARD’s [1.6%], anxiolytic agents [0.2%], sedatives [2.1%] and enzymes like glucosamine, trypsin [3%] etc., were also prescribed in our study patients. Conclusion: Female patients were predominant in the study. Of all age groups, 40-90yrs patients were mostly suffering from arthritis. Of all NSAIDs, we found aceclofenac & paracetamol combination drugs are most preferred in treating osteoarthritis. For the treatment of osteoarthritis, topical and parenteral analgesics are preferred over symptomatic slow-acting drugs. Physiotherapy plays a major role in orthopaedic department, about 60% of the disorder is treated with drugs and remaining 40% are treated with physiotherapy. For manageable cases instead of using NSAIDs, physiotherapy, cold and heat therapy, aroma therapy and oil massage can be used to relieve pain.

Keywords: Orthopedics, OA-Osteoarthritis, Analgesics, Anxiolytics.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )