ASSOCIATION OF PLASMOOIUM VIVAX MALARIA AND ABO BLOOD GROUP IN TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL AT WESTERN U.P.
Divya Chaubey*, Shivendra Mohan, Rajesh Kumar and Imran Ahamad
Introduction: Malaria is caused by an obligate, intracellular protozoan parasite. P.vivax infection is most common. Blood group antigens A and B are trisaccharides attached to a variety act as of glycoproteins and glycol lipids on the surface of erythrocytes and these trisaccharides receptors for rosetting ligands whereas such antigens are not found in blood group O. Objective: To assess the distribution of ABO blood group and their relationship with P. vivax malaria among patients attending in TMMC&RC. Material and Methods: Total 200 blood samples were collected from suspected malaria cases from March 2016 to February 2017. Thin and thick blood film slides were prepared using Leishman solution. ABO and Rh blood grouping was done using agglutination method in haematology lab. Result: Out of total 200 samples,76(38%)were malaria positive in which 52 (68.42%) patients were found to be infected with P. vivax and blood group O positive26(50%) was the dominated blood group. Conclusion: This study suggest that individuals of bood groups O are more susceptible then followed by A, B & AB to P. vivax infection.
Keywords: Malaria, Blood group.
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