( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Rania A. Ahmed*


Background: Herbicides were found to induce harmful health effects as oxidative stress, reproductive disorders and histopathological alterations in vital organs. Thiobencarb is heavily used in rice cultivation in Egypt. There weren't enough studies on the effect of thiobencarb on human or animal health especially on the reproductive functions. Purpose: Investigation of thiobencarb induced histopathological effects and alterations in the indices of spermatogenesis, germ cell proliferation and apoptosis via histological and immunohistochemical studies in albino rats. Methods : Twenty-five healthy adult male rats were divided into two groups : Group I : This group contained 10 rats , and was kept as control group ; Group II : This group included 15 rats and was administrated with thiobencarb at dose level (44.78 mg/kg/orally / 3 days a week (equivalent to 1/20 of LD50 , for 6 weeks ) . At the end of sixth week, testes were processed for histological examination, immunohistochemical detection of Caspase-3 and PCNA, and histochemical demonstration of total proteins. Concerning biochemical investigations, testosterone was investigated in serum, while Malondialdhyde (MDA) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were estimated in testicular tissue. Results: Thiobencarb induced histopathological alterations as pyknosis, vaculations, and congestion of blood vessels, tubular degeneration and hemorrhage. It also significantly decreased the Johnson score of spermatogenesis, significantly increased the apoptotic index (AI), and decreased the germ cell proliferation index (PI). Moreover, thiobencarb significantly decrease the epithelial height and total protein content. Thiobencarb decreased serum testosterone and testicular TAC, and significantly increased testicular MDA.

Keywords: Apoptosis, Caspase-3, Herbicides, Oxidative stress, Spermatogenesis, Thiobencarb, PCNA.

[Full Text Article]



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    SEPTEMBER issue has been successfully launched on 1 SEPTEMBER 2023.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database